Acuminate Leaf Apex - leaf ends in a long drawn out/tapered sharp tip point.
Acute Leaf Apex - leaf ends in a short sharp tip
Anthesis - the flowering period
Bullate - Surface covered with irregular and slight elevations, giving a blistered appearance
Caudex - A thickened, enlarged base of a stem either underground, partially underground or above the soil level.
Caudiciform - A plant growing from a caudex
Cordate - Heart shaped
Corm- A rounded underground storage organ present in some plants consisting of a swollen stem base covered with scale leaves.
Dioecious - a plant that is either male or female having either staminate or pistillate flowers.
Dormant - Having normal physical functions suspended or slowed down for a period of time; in or as if in a deep sleep.
Elliptical - Oval shaped
Epiphyte - A plant that grows off another plant or structure and gets its moisture and nutrients from the air, rain and surrounding debris. These plants do not typically root into the ground
Etiolation - The elongation of a plants stems between nodes. This is usually an indicator that a plant is not receiving enough light and is "stretching"
Fenestrate - Having small perforations or transparent areas.
Geophyte - plants with underground storage organs, where the plants hold energy and water e.g. bulbs.
Habit - The general appearance of the plant, including size, shape, growth form and orientation.
Hemi-epiphyte - Plants that germinate either on the ground or in a canopy and fall to the ground. These plants root in soil and will then climb a tree and may eventually sever all older growth and all connections to the ground, and continue growing solely as an epiphyte.
Herbaceous - Referring to plants that that have a soft, non-woody stem.
Inflorescence - The complete flower head of a plant including stems, stalks, bracts, and flowers.
Lanceolate - Shaped like a lance head; of a narrow oval shape tapering to a point at each end.
Leaf Apex - The leaf tip
Leaf Morphology - shape and arrangement, margin and venation.
Lithophyte - A plant that grows on bare rock or stone or amongst loose rock and debris.
Monocarpic - grow point flowering once then terminates with the plant producing pups to continue growth
Monoecious - containing both male and female reproductive organs on the one individual plant (hermaphrodite)
Nyctinastic (Movement) - Referring to the physical movement response a plant has to external stimuli (E.g. maranta and light)
Ovate - Egg shaped
Pedate - Divided into several lobes emerging from a common point, lateral lobes sometimes divided into smaller lobes. Having or resembling a foot.
Pedicel - the stalk of a single flower where multiple flowers develop on the end of a peduncle.
Peduncle - stalk of inflorescence or flower head.
Petiole - The stalk that attaches the leaf to the stem
Perennial - A plant with a lifespan of more than two years. these plants my die back over winter but their roots remain and will regrow in spring.
Photosynthesis - The process by which plants use water, sunlight and carbon dioxide to create oxygen and energy for the plant to grow.
Pinnatifid: pinnately divided, but not all the way down to the central axis.
Pistillate flower - female, bearing only pistils
Propagation: The producing of young plants, multiplication by natural reproduction.
Protogynous - an evolutionary feature that discourages self pollination in plants with the female reproductive organs maturing before the male one.
Pruinose/Pruinescence - A waxy covering seen on plants such as succulents that resemble a white dusty powder that acts as a natural sunscreen for the plant.
Rhizome - A stem that grows underground. It usually grows horizontally, just below the soil's surface. Different from roots as they have nodes and stems grow directly from the rhizome.
Rounded Leaf Apex - Rounded or blunt leaf tip
Sagittate - Shaped like an arrowhead, with two pointed lobes extending downward from the base.
Spadices - Spadix plural
Staminate flower - male, bearing only stamens.
Substrate - The surface or material on or from which an organism lives, grows, or obtains its nourishment
Tendril - the slim stem like structures on vines that cling to supports such as trellises.
Terminal (Apical) bud/flower - The primary growing point, emerging from the tip of the stem. The terminal bud is the main point of growth for most plants.
Totipotency - The inherent potentiality of a plant cell to give rise to a whole plant
Umbel - A flower cluster that consists of a number of short flower stalks which spread from a common point to make a flat or curved surface, somewhat like an umbrella.
Xerophyte - A plant that has adapted to an environment that has very little liquid water available (xerophytic)
Zoophily - pollination of a flower by animals e.g bees!